What name:etymology=* when feature is named after a group of individuals?

So, I found a ambiguous situation where a map feature’s name pays hommage to a group of historical figures with a collective designation that is only used in the feature itself.

It’s a park in Lisbon, Portugal, called “Campo dos Mártires da Pátria” (lit. “Field of the Martyrs of the Fatherland”).

These were 12 liberal revolutionary men sentenced to death in the last days of Portugal’s absolutist regime, prominent among which was Gomes Freire de Andrade.

However, they’re only referred by this collective noun in Portuguese toponymy like parks and avenues; less so in literature. Likewise, there is no wikipedia article or wikidata element for “Mártires da Pátria”, though the park’s wiki article mentions “Gomes Freire and his 11 fellows” as the object of hommage.

What would be the best way to tag this feature’s etymology?

  • Option A - create an wikidata element for “Mártires da Pátria”:
    name:etymology=Mártires da Pátria +

  • Option B - just refer to the group’s leader:
    name:etymology=Gomes Freire de Andrade +
    name:etymology:wikidata=Q431905 +
    name:etymology:wikipedia=pt:Gomes Freire de Andrade

  • Option C - refer to the 12 people individually:
    name:etymology=Gomes Freire de Andrade;Name2;...;Name12 +
    (This option may require the previous creation of several other wikidata elements.)

Yes, this would be the ideal approach. Wikidata items can be about toponymy.

You can create an item that has the following statements:

Likewise, you can tag Gomes Freire de Andrade (Q431905) and each of the other 11 with:

The item about the Mártires da Pátria and each of the items about the other 11 automatically satisfy Wikidata’s criteria for inclusion because they all have inbound links from other items (“structural need”), and Gomes Freire de Andrade has Wikipedia articles (“at least one valid sitelink”). Even if this were not the case, you could potentially demonstrate their notability by adding, for example, a plaque image (P1801) statement linking to the Wikimedia Commons image of a commemorative plaque about the group.

Wow, thank you for your detailed answer!
I’ll go for Option A then.