African Settlement/Place Tags

Hi, I was contributing to a project, where the task was to map buildings and roads in Malawi. The east africa tagging guidlines OSM wiki page gives a good description of what tag one should use to describe a route. However, some of these tags are dependent upon the category of settlement that a route links. e.g. a route linking villages or cities.

In order to more accurately map road networks and settlements, I’ve come here to ask:

  1. What constitues (east) african settlements?

  2. Which (if any) of these features may be observed via aerial imagery?

Your respoonse is greatly appriciated.

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I’m struggling with similar problems mapping Somaliland. The only guidelines for settlements I found are provided by the UN-Mappers in this project here