I’ve recently stumbled upon this article when I got lost reading wikipedia again:
Would anybody know if this means that in (some) republics that do have a co-official language (like Tatar) mentioned in the table below, the roads (and other signs, such as bus stops or even shops) could be signed in two languages, e.g. Russian and Tatar?
Also, slightly off-topic but related: How autonomous are the republics really? The article about the republics is a little vague, it just mentions that they have lost much of their autonomy in recent years but not what exactly.
Apart from the right to define official languages, is there anything regarding their autonomy relevant to OpenStreetMap? For example, the right to define own traffic regulations? This is for example the case in all states of India, United States, Australia, Canada, Micronesia and even the “countries” within the United Kingdom (Jersey, Scotland etc.) but not in China, despite its size (except Hong Kong etc.)
Article 23. Language of names of geographical objects, inscriptions, road and other signs
The writing of the names of geographical objects and the design of inscriptions, road and other signs are made in the state language of the Russian Federation. The republics have the right to write the names of geographical objects and design inscriptions, road and other signs in the state languages of the republics along with the state language of the Russian Federation.
Subjects of the Russian Federation, if necessary, have the right to write the names of geographical objects and design inscriptions, road and other signs, along with the state language of the Russian Federation, in the languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation in the territories of their compact residence.
The procedure for using languages when writing the names of geographical objects and designing inscriptions, road and other signs is determined in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Dual-language street names and shop names are wide spread in Bashkiria for example.
See this: Google Maps
or this: Google Maps
(Дарыухана and Аптека both means pharmacy in Bashkir and Russian respectively).